African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) at
Maryland Zoo in United States

♂ Samson

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Species:African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Sex and age:Male ♂ 16 years old
Management:Free contact
Born:* 2008-03-19 captive-born
Birth place: in Maryland Zoo
Birth weight 132.00 kgs, 290.40 lbs

Parents: Willie x ♀ Lil Felix
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Maryland Zoo, in United States

Date of arrival

2008-03-19Maryland Zoo
Record history
History of updates2023-11-22

Latest document update2023-11-22 06:45:07
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Samson is a living Male ♂ African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) , located at the Maryland Zoo, in United States.

Samson arrived in 2008-03-19 to the Maryland Zoo,


Samson lives together with 3 other elephants at the Maryland Zoo:

detailed list with arrival dates etc. of the other elephants
  1. Anna born 1975
  2. Lil Felix born 1983
  3. Tuffy (Snuffy) born 1983


Samson was born captive-born 2008-03-19 at Maryland Zoo.


Parents of Samson are: ♂ Willie (father) and ♀ Lil Felix (mother).

Siblings through the father Willie:

  1. 2002-01-21(F) Batir (Skeeter)
  2. 2003-04-16 -- † 2018-12-12 (M) Max (Maximus)
  3. 2007-12-08 -- † 2019-02-09 (F) Miss Bets

Siblings through the mother Lil Felix:

  1. 2003-04-16 - † 2018-12-12 (M) Max (Maximus)


Samsons ancestral Pedigree:


Sire (f):

Born: 1979

Sire ff:

Sire fff:
Dame ffm:
Dame fm:

Sire fmf:
Dame fmm:

Dame m:
Lil Felix

Born: 1983

Sire mf:

Sire mff:
Dame mfm:
Dame mm:

Sire mmf:
Dame mmm:

Comments / pictures

Samson survived a different strain of the same virus (EEHV3b) when he was five-years-old. He was the first elephant to be clinically diagnosed with the strain at the time.

2013-03-22: In late February 2013, Mike McClure and the rest of the elephant team at the Maryland Zoo in Baltimore grew concerned about their calf, Samson The team sent blood samples out for analysis, and after a few inconclusive tests, a positive result confirmed their worst fears: Samson was infected with elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) , a virus commonly carried by Adult elephants that can be deadly when acquired by a calf. Even before the positive EEHV result returned, McClure and his colleagues started Samson on a heavy course of antiviral medications (in the course of his treatment, the young elephant downed more than 2,500 antiviral pills), injected him with anti-inflammatory drugs, and began hydration therapy. Each day, Samson would drink between 15 and 25 gallons of Gatorade-spiked water, and his keepers would deliver many more gallons of fluids rectally. It was touch and go for a while, but after about a week and a half the staff finally noticed significant improvements in Samson’s behavior.

2023-11-21: Thanks to early detection and intensive therapy, the Maryland Zoo in Baltimore, Md., announced that its 15-year-old African bull elephant, Samson, has survived an episode of a strain of the Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus (EEHV6).

Samson on

Samson is mentioned on Elephant News:

Articles where Samson is mentioned on
DateLinks which opens in new window
2023-11-21 Maryland zoo elephant survives deadly elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus - Elephant News

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). Samson, African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) located at Maryland Zoo in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 17 June 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:


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Categories2008 births | With Pedigree | Elephants from Maryland Zoo | United States | African savanna elephants

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