Jumbo and Tonga in
(Photo © Jutta Kirchner, Vienna Zoo)
Right upper third molar from a Savanna Elephant. Photo: © Hans Olof Furberg, Hola Folkhögskola
The African elephant is still under threat in some parts of africa, while its starting to become overpopulated in southern africa.
The African bush elephant was a subspecies - (
Loxodonta africana africana) - to the African elephant ( Loxodonta africana) but hs since been upgraded to a species on its own. The bush elephant is sometimes refered to as the savanna elephant, and belong to the family of elephants Characteristics
The neck is high, and then sloping down again
The skin is very wrenkled all over
Ears are large, looks like african continent
Head is flat, with nu bumps
Forehead is flat and sloaping down
The underlip is short, broad and rounded
Both sexes wear tusks
Tusks are thick and curved forward
21 pairs of ribs
The frontfeet has four nails, the hindfeet three
(not the African forest elephant) The trunktip has two prehensile protrusions
Compare with the
Asian elephant! Anatomy
Largest living terrestrial animal on earth.
The African bush elephant has three nails on the hindfeet and four nails on the frontfeet, which is less nails than than the Height up to 4 meter
Weight to 7,500 kg (bulls) 3,500 kg (female)
Trunk weights up to 140 kg
Skin is up to 2.5 cm thick
Brain weights upto 6 kg
Tusk weight up to 50 kg
African forest elephant (five front nails and four nails on the hind feet). It has also greater ears (with the shape of africa) , which seldom may meet above the shoulders. The tusks of the African bush elephant is curved and points more forward, and larger and thicker than those of the african forest elephant.
In June 1997, the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (COP 10) in Harare, Zimbabwe,
proposals from Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe for the transfer of their elephant populations from
Appendix I to Appendix II, all other elephant populations in Africa and Asia remain on CITES Appendix I.
31 African savanna elephant in taxidermy collections