African bush elephant

African savanna elephant

Jumbo and Tonga in Vienna Zoo. (Photo © Jutta Kirchner, Vienna Zoo)
African savanna elephant molar
Right upper third molar from a Savanna Elephant. Photo: © Hans Olof Furberg, Hola Folkhögskola
African elephant population distribution
The African elephant is still under threat in some parts of africa, while its starting to become overpopulated in southern africa.

The African bush elephant was a subspecies - (Loxodonta africana africana) - to the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) but hs since been upgraded to a species on its own. The bush elephant is sometimes refered to as the savanna elephant, and belong to the family of elephants

Characteristics

African elephant

  • The neck is high, and then sloping down again
  • The skin is very wrenkled all over
  • Ears are large, looks like african continent
  • Head is flat, with nu bumps
  • Forehead is flat and sloaping down
  • The underlip is short, broad and rounded
  • Both sexes wear tusks
  • Tusks are thick and curved forward
  • 21 pairs of ribs
  • The frontfeet has four nails, the hindfeet three
        (not the African forest elephant)
  • The trunktip has two prehensile protrusions

Compare with the Asian elephant!

Anatomy

Largest living terrestrial animal on earth.
  • Height up to 4 meter
  • Weight to 7,500 kg (bulls) 3,500 kg (female)
  • Trunk weights up to 140 kg
  • Skin is up to 2.5 cm thick
  • Brain weights upto 6 kg
  • Tusk weight up to 50 kg
The African bush elephant has three nails on the hindfeet and four nails on the frontfeet, which is less nails than than the African forest elephant (five front nails and four nails on the hind feet). It has also greater ears (with the shape of africa) , which seldom may meet above the shoulders. The tusks of the African bush elephant is curved and points more forward, and larger and thicker than those of the african forest elephant.

Protection

In June 1997, the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (COP 10) in Harare, Zimbabwe, proposals from Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe for the transfer of their elephant populations from Appendix I to Appendix II, all other elephant populations in Africa and Asia remain on CITES Appendix I.

30 African savanna elephant in taxidermy collections

IndexNameSexOriginAgeBirthDeath dateArrivalPresent or last Location
1-Tim (wild)-M 2020-02-00Nairobi National Museum
2-Dandara-F 2020-00-00Pontificia Catholic University Museum
3-Hugo-M 2019-12-05Masai Mara
4-Binti-F 2018-01-22Rhenen Zoo
5-Sara-F 2013-00-00Rostock Zoological Institute
6-Monica-F 2011-04-26Washington National Museum of Natural History
7-Joca-M 1995-00-00Pontificia Catholic University Museum
8-Tantor-M 1989-00-00Royal Ontario Museum
9-Gipsy (Gypsie)-F 1984-09-14Kolmarden Zoo
10-Jumbo-M 1979-10-00Museo Civico di Zoologia
11-Ahmed-M 1974-00-00Nairobi National Museum
12-Katoto-M 1972-00-00Basel Natural History Museum
13-Bushimaie elephant-M 1958-00-00Royal Museum for Central Africa
14-Fénykövi elephant-M 1955-00-00Washington National Museum of Natural History
15-David Sjölanders elephant-M 1949-05-18Gothenburg Museum of Natural History
16-Toto-M 1939-00-00Museo Civico di Zoologia
17-Jumbo II (Safari)-M 1936-11-26Washington National Museum of Natural History
18-Nicholaus IIs elephant-F 1916-00-00Russian State Darwin Museum
19-Duke of Alba elephant-M 1913-00-00Madrid National Museum of Natural Sciences
20-Delia Akeley elephant-M 1905-00-00Field Museum
21-Carl Akeley elephant-M 1905-00-00Field Museum
22-Old Bet-F 1821-00-00Barnums American Museum
23-Sebas pickled elephant-M Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM)
24-Kito-M Naturalis Biodiversity Center
25-noname (wild)-M Bronx Zoo
26-Bwana-M Busch Gardens Tampa Bay (Busch Gardens Africa)
27-Goldschmidt-Rothschild elephant-M Naturmuseum Senckenberg
28-Jumbo-M American Museum of Natural History
29-unknown- Hamburg Natural History Museum
30-Hola elephant- Hola school and witch museum


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