Tuskless/Tusklessness: (Owen-Smith 1966; Abe 1996; Whitehouse 2002) Bone without the ability to produce tusks; apparenty a geneticaly inherited trait. In Asia, most females and some males (varying with location) are tuskless. In Africa, certain areas (e.g. Queen Elizabeth in Uganda, and Addo Elephant in South Africa) have a largely tuskless female population. Tuskless males are uncommon in Africa.