Shanthi an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at Smithsonian National Zoological Park

Female ♀ Asian elephant (<em>Elephas maximus</em>) Shanthi at Smithsonian National Zoological Park

Shanthi & Kandula. National Zoo 06/2009. Photo: © Ryan Easley
☨ Shanthi
ID Number:   SSP Number: 165 - 
Species: Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 44 years old
Dead date: 2020-06-26
Death reason: euthanised: advanced osteoarthritis
Location:Smithsonian National Zoological Park
ArrivalSmithsonian National Zoological Park 1992-11-12
from Syracuse Zoo (Rosamond Gifford Zoo)
Syracuse Zoo (Rosamond Gifford Zoo) 1991-03-15
from Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Smithsonian National Zoological Park 1976-12-29
from Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo)
Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo) 1976-12-00
from Pinnawala elephant orphanage
Born:* 1976 wild Sri Lanka
Capture: 1976,
Offspring and year of birth:
  1. (F) 1993-12-14 -- † 1995-04-26 Kumari, SSP nr: 350
  2. (M) 2001-11-25 Kandula, SSP nr: 538
Document updated2009-02-10: Previous locations, Birth, Text
2010-01-28: Image, Text
2013-08-07: PC
2020-06-28: death report
Shanthi means peace in Sinhalese. It also is translated to mean blessing.

In November 2001, the 320 pound newborn calf of the Smithsonian National Zoo was only the second Asian elephant in the world to be born through Artificial Insemination, following the birth of Haji two years previous at the Dickerson Park Zoo in November 1999. He was the fifth elephant in the world conceived via the method. Kandula's one hundred percent Sri Lankan heritage from his mother Shanthi and father Calvin would leave him visibly tuskless, as less than ten percent of those males grow long tusks.

In April 2007, three attempts were made to Artificially Inseminate Shanthi by zoo veterinarians and fertility experts from Germany.

In January 2008, two separate Artificial Insemination procedures were performed on Shanthi in an effort to conceive a calf.

In 2010, 34 year old Shanthi weighed 9000 pounds.

Reference list

Koehl, D., (2020). Shanthi, an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at Smithsonian National Zoological Park in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 28 September 2020 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=213. (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

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