Shanthi
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Smithsonian National Zoological Park in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♀ Shanthi  dead elephant
Shanthi & Kandula. National Zoo 06/2009. Photo: © Ryan Easley
Shanthi & Kandula. National Zoo 06/2009. Photo: © Ryan Easley

Identification

SSP nr165

Description

Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 44 years old
Origin
Born:* 1976 wild
Birth place:
Capture: 1976
Imported:1976
Death
Dead: 2020-06-26
Death reason: euthanised: advanced osteoarthritis
Offspring
Total: 2 babies

1. Born 1993-12-14
(dead † 1995-04-26)
Kumari SSP id: 350

2. Born 2001-11-25 Kandula SSP id: 538
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Smithsonian National Zoological Park, in United States

Date of arrival

1992-11-12Smithsonian National Zoological Park
from Syracuse Zoo (Rosamond Gifford Zoo)

1991-03-15Syracuse Zoo (Rosamond Gifford Zoo)
from Smithsonian National Zoological Park

1976-12-29Smithsonian National Zoological Park
from Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo)

1976-12-00Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo)
from Pinnawala elephant orphanage

Record history
History of updates2009-02-10: Previous locations, Birth, Text
2010-01-28: Image, Text
2013-08-07: PC
2020-06-28: death report

Latest document update2020-10-19 03:33:00
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Biography

† Shanthi is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 2020-06-26 at Smithsonian National Zoological Park, in United States, . Official death reason described as advanced osteoarthritis.

Offspring


  1. (F) 1993-12-14 -- † 1995-04-26 Kumari SSP id: 350
  2. (M) 2001-11-25 Kandula SSP id: 538

Origin


Shanthi was born wild 1976, captured 1976 . and imported 1976


Comments / pictures

Shanthi means peace in Sinhalese. It also is translated to mean blessing.

In November 2001, the 320 pound newborn calf of the Smithsonian National Zoo was only the second Asian elephant in the world to be born through Artificial Insemination, following the birth of Haji two years previous at the Dickerson Park Zoo in November 1999. He was the fifth elephant in the world conceived via the method. Kandula's one hundred percent Sri Lankan heritage from his mother Shanthi and father Calvin would leave him visibly tuskless, as less than ten percent of those males grow long Tusks.

In April 2007, three attempts were made to Artificially Inseminate Shanthi by zoo veterinarians and fertility experts from Germany.

In January 2008, two separate Artificial Insemination procedures were performed on Shanthi in an effort to conceive a calf.

In 2010, 34 year old Shanthi weighed 9000 pounds.

Reference list

References

Koehl, Dan, (2021). Shanthi, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Smithsonian National Zoological Park in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 23 October 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=213. (archived at the Wayback machine)


Sources used for this article is among others:

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Categories2020 deaths | 1976 births | Born in Sri Lanka | Breeding cows | 1976 captures | 1976 imports | Elephants from Smithsonian National Zoological Park | United States | Asian elephants


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