Carl Hagenbeck Jr.

From the list of elephant persons Family: Hagenbeck

Carl Hagenbeck Jr.
Carl  Hagenbeck

Personal details

Spouse(s) 1871 - 1913 Amanda Hagenbeck

Country Germany

Title owner 1911-
Location at Brijuni Zoo (National Park) in Croatia

Title zoo designer 1909-1910
Location at Rome Zoo in Italy

Title owner 1907-1912
Location at Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen) in Germany

Title owner 1905-1907
Location at Carl Hagenbecks Wild Animal Circus in United States

Title owner 1904-1905
Location at Hagenbeck Animal Show at St. Louis Worlds Fair in United States

Title owner 1892-1893
Location at Carl Hagenbeck Animal Exhibit (Chicago Fair) in United States

Title owner 1887-1889
Location at Carl Hagenbeck Circus in Germany

Title owner 1883-1884
Location at Carl Hagenbecks Ceylonkarawane in Germany

Title owner 1877-1879
Location at The Nubian Caravan in Germany

Title owner 1874-1902
Location at Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Neue Pferdemarkt) in Germany

Title owner 1866-1913
Location at Firma Carl Hagenbeck in Germany

Title owner 1866-1874
Location at C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie in Germany

Title owner -
Location at Carl Hagenbecks Zoologischer Circus in Germany

Relevant literature
Biography details

Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Heinrich Hagenbeck Jr., wildlife animal trader in Germany

Born 1844 in Germany dead 1913-04-13 in Germany , son of animal trader Carl Hagenbeck Sr. and assistant director Christiana Anderson .

The animal dealer Carl Hagenbeck Jr., whos name often is shortened to CH, was born at Lincolnstraße 33 in St. Pauli in Hamburg, and developed the company Firma Carl Hagenbeck into a succesful worldvide animal trade business.

In his book Savages and Beasts, Nigel Rothfels quotes Hagenbecks tally of business’s first 20 years. He had sold: at least a thousand lions, three to four hundred tigers, six to seven hundred leopards, a thousand bears of different varieties and around eight hundred hyenas. Some three hundred elephants had passed through his hands. He had sold seventeen rhinoceroses of the three Indian Species and nine of the African, while one hundred and fifty giraffes and six hundred antelopes of diverse Species including the rarest, largest, and most beautiful, had been traded by the company. 

CH also pioneered the concept of zoos without bars, primarly in Hagenbecks Tierpark in Hamburg, a zoo which still is private owned by the Hagenbeck family.

1857: CH went with his father Carl Hagenbeck Sr. to Vienna, and bought animals imported from Sudan by Dr. Johann Natterer (1821-1900), which were sold to menageries and Antwerpen Zoo.

1859: CH completes his school by the age of 15, and takes over the animal trade.

1863: CH Opened the new C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie on 6226 m2 at Spielbudenplatz 19, St. Pauli, Hamburg, which he had bought from the heritage of Gottfried Jamrach, father of animal dealer Charles Jamrach.

1864: CH started to cooperate with the Austrian animal dealer Lorenzo Casanova who imported animals, mostly from Sudan in Africa. In Dresden Zoo Casanova met Carl Hagenbeck Jr. and concluded an agreement to became a partner with Firma Carl Hagenbeck in Hamburg, Germany, and according to the agreement, only sell his imported animals for a fixed price to Firma Carl Hagenbeck.

1868: Travelled first time to England to buy animals.

1870: CH had to travel to Suez in Egypt, and take over a shipment of animals, including 5 elephants, from Casanova, who was sick in fever,and died in Alexandria. Hagenbeck brought the animals from Suez to Alexandria, and from there to Port of Trieste, selling some of the elephants on the way to Hamburg. Casanovas death ended their partnership, and after this Carl Hagenbeck started to organize his Africa imports himself.

1871: CH was married 1871 with Amanda Mehrmann (1849-1939), sister to his old friend Heinrich Mehrmann. Of his ten children, only five survived until his death, and 13 grandchildren.

1872: During tour in Europe, P. T. Barnum visited C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie in Hamburg, and bought animals for £3 000. According to Hagenbeck, Barnum would after this only buy elephants from Hagenbecks, an agreement which was followed after his death by James A. Bailey.

1873: Carls younger brother Dietrich Hagenbeck died in black fever 1873 while searching for hippos in Zanzibar.

1874: In April the family, company and all animals was moved to Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark at Neue Pferdemarkt, Hamburg.

1877: The Nubian Caravan, which also included 5 freshly imported African elephants, was also touring to Paris and London until 1879, when the animals were sold on auction.

1887: His father Carl Sr., founder of the company Firma Carl Hagenbeck, died in Hamburg.

1896: Assisted by the sculptur Urs Eggenschwyler CH developed the first animal enclosures without bars and applied for patent for his idea, which was registered 7th of February 1896 as Imperial Patent No 91,492.[1]

Carl Hagenbeck Jr.Imperial Patent No 91,492

1897: Carl Hagenbeck bought a Potatoe farm in Stellingen, to build his new zoo Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark. Show at Venedig in Wien in Vienna, Austria.

The new Zoo was built, and already 1902 some animals, like elephants, were kept there, although the zoo hadnt yet opened. Shipments with animals were made with railway from Stellingen Langenfelde Station.

1907: Grand opening of the new zoo Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen) in Stellingen, Hamburg. Many Zoo directors in Europe saw this as a competiton, and after 1907 many German Zoos preferred to buy their elephants from Hagenbecks new competitor Firma Ruhe.

Carl Hagenbeck Jr.The Gate to Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark in Stellingen.

1908: CH published the book, Beasts and Men.[2]

1909-06-21: The first German Ostrich farm was founded, officially opened by the Empress of Germany.

1909-1910: CH supervised the building of the Giardino Zoologico di Roma in Rome.

1911: Opening of Rome Zoo, the master plan was developed by CH and his son Heinrich.

1912: "The Völkerschau Am Nil", with Egyptian culture.

1913: "The Völkerschau Birma", with burmese culture.

1913-04-13: CH died. After his death 1913, most of his business were taken over by his two sons, Heinrich Hagenbeck (1875-1945) and Lorenz Hagenbeck (1882-1956).


Total: 3 children

  1. Amanda Wegner. Born: 1849. Dead: † 1939
  2. Heinrich Hagenbeck. Born: 1875. Dead: † 1945
  3. Lorenz Hagenbeck. Born: 1882. Dead: † 1956


Siblings through the father Carl Hagenbeck Sr. (1810 -- 1887):

  1. Wilhelm Hagenbeck Born 1850 Dead: † 1910
  2. Christiane Hagenbeck Born 1846 Dead: † 1905
  3. Marie Hagenbeck Born 1848 Dead: † 1886
  4. Dietrich Hagenbeck Born ? Dead: † 1873
  5. John Hagenbeck Born 1866 Dead: † 1940
  6. Gustav Hagenbeck Born ?

Carl Hagenbeck Jr. s ancestral Ahnentafel:


Carl Hagenbeck Jr.
Born: 1844

Gottfried Hagenbeck

Born: 1810

Paternal Grandfather:

Paternal Great-grandfather:
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Paternal Grandmother:

Paternal Great-grandfather::
Paternal Great-grandmother:

Christiana Anderson

Born: 1812

Maternal Grandfather:

Maternal Great-grandfather:
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Maternal Grandmother:

Maternal Great-grandfather:
Maternal Great-grandmother:

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). animal trader Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Heinrich Hagenbeck Jr. in Germany. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 13 June 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

Selected publications

Links about Lorenz Hagenbeck

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Categories animal trader | wildlife | Firma Carl Hagenbeck | Hagenbeck family | Born 1844 | Dead 1913 | People from Germany

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