Gottfried Claus Carl Hagenbeck Sr., wildlife animal trader in Germany
Born 1810 in Germany
dead 1887 in Germany
Gottfried Claus Carl Hagenbeck
Sr. (1810-1887) was a fishmonger at Grosse Petersenstrasse 16 in St. Pauli, Hamburg, Germany, who started a side business by buying and selling exotic animals, which he put at exhibit at Petersenstrasse and Spielbudenplatz.
In his first marriage with Christiana Anderson
he had 3 sons;
1. His oldest son Carl Hagenbeck Jr.
(1844-1913) was born at Lincolnstraße 33 in St. Pauli, and developed the company Firma Carl Hagenbeck
into a succesful worldvide business, he pioneered the concept of zoos without bars, primarly in Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen) in Hamburg, a zoo which still is private owned by the Hagenbeck family.
2. His second son Wilhelm Hagenbeck
was a succesful animal trainer who founded Circus Wilhelm Hagenbeck and was the first trainer to bring Polar Bears into the circus ring.
2. His third son Dietrich Hagenbeck
died in black fever 1873 while searching for hippos in Zanzibar.
Also his three daughters were active with animals, Marie Dorothea Louise Hagenbeck
(1848-1886) married the animal dealer Charles Rice
in England who became a valuble partner to the family company, and Carls daughter Christiane Hagenbeck
became a world famous exotic bird trader.
After his first wife Christiana Anderson
died in 1865, he remarried and had another three sons:
1. John Hagenbeck,
who also assisted in the company, and established the Ceylon Zoological Gardens Company at Dehiwela Gardens, where he kept animals in transfer, before export to europe. John Hagenbeck
also exhibited animals in the Dehivela Zoo, which was open to the public. During the second world war, Ceylon Zoological Gardens Company was liquidated 1936 and confiscated as enemy property, and in 1937 renamed to Dehivela Gardens.
2. The second son in the second marriage, Gustave Hagenbeck, became instrumental in company marketing, and the touring "Volker-Shaus".
3. His third son in the second marriage, Dietrich Hagenbeck
Sr., who died in black fever 1873 while searching for hippos in Zanzibar.