P. T. Barnum

From the list of elephant persons Family: Barnum

P. T. Barnum
Phineas  Barnum
P. T. Barnum, Barnum Museum. The museum believes this photo of P.T. sporting a beard and holding a baby shows the old showman with his first grandson, Phineas Taylor Barnum Thompson.
Personal details
Country United States

Title owner 1888-1891
Location at Barnum & Bailey Circus in United States

Title owner 1881-1885
Location at Barnum and London Circus in United States

Title owner 1877-1880
Location at P.T. Barnums new & Greatest Show on Earth in United States

Title owner 1872-1872
Location at Hippotheatron in United States

Title owner 1851-1854
Location at P. T. Barnum’s Grand Colossal Museum and Menagerie in United States

Title owner -
Location at P. T. Barnums elephants in United States

Biography details

Phineas Taylor Barnum , circus director in United States

Born 1810-07-05 dead 1891-04-07 .

Barnum was born in Bethel, Connecticut, the son of innkeeper, tailor, and store-keeper Philo Barnum (1778–1826) and his second wife Irene Taylor. His maternal grandfather Phineas Taylor was a Whig, legislator, landowner, justice of the peace, and lottery schemer who had a great influence on him.

Barnum did not enter the circus business until he was 60 years old. He established "P. T. Barnum's Grand Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan & Hippodrome" in Delavan, Wisconsin, in 1870 with William Cameron Coup; it was a traveling circus, menagerie, and museum of "freaks". It went through various names: "P. T. Barnum's Travelling World's Fair, Great Roman Hippodrome and Greatest Show on Earth", and "P. T. Barnum's Greatest Show on Earth, And The Great London Circus, Sanger's Royal British Menagerie and The Grand International Allied Shows United" after an 1881 merger with James Bailey and James L. Hutchinson, soon shortened to "Barnum & Bailey's". This entertainment phenomenon was the first circus to display three rings.[25] The show's first primary attraction was Jumbo, an African elephant that Barnum purchased in 1882 from the London Zoo. The Barnum and Bailey Circus still contained acts similar to his Traveling Menagerie, including acrobats, freak shows, and General Tom Thumb. Barnum persisted in growing the circus in spite of more fires, train disasters, and other setbacks, and he was aided by circus professionals who ran the daily operations. He and Bailey split up in 1885, but they came back together in 1888 with the "Barnum & Bailey Greatest Show On Earth", later "Barnum & Bailey Circus" which toured the world.

On November 8, 1829, Barnum married Charity Hallett,[37] and they had four children: Caroline Cornelia (1833–1911), Helen Maria (1840–1915), Frances Irena (1842–1844), and Pauline Taylor (1846–1877).[38] His wife died on November 19, 1873,[38] and he married Nancy Fish, the daughter of his close friend John Fish, the following year; Nancy was 40 years younger than he was.[39]

Barnum died from a stroke at home in 1891 aged 80.[30] He is buried in Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport, Connecticut, a cemetery that he designed.


Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). director Phineas Taylor Barnum in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 25 July 2024 at https://www.elephant.se/person.php?id=1544. (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

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Categories director | circus | Barnum & Bailey Circus | Barnum family | Born 1810 | Dead 1891 | People from United States

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