Adolf Strassburger had a Circus Strassburger for sale, including tent, 63 horses and 3 elephants during tour in Norway.
In 1916 Lorenz Hagenbeck borrowed 40 000 Mark from Hamburgs largest bankier, Max Warburg, and bought Strassburgers circus, and the name was changed to Cirkus Hagenbeck. Lorenz Hagenbeck bought 2 elephants from Hermann Blumenfeld.
1916-03: 5 elephants reached Malmo at the end of March from Stellingen.
In 1932 there was even a succesful elephant breeding, when Minjak, although concieved in Leipzig Zoo, was born in January 1932 on tour in Essen.
Due to World-War I, Hagenbeck was forced to bring the Circus abroad, which eventually became his fortune.
The Circus toured Japan, China, India, Egypt, Southamerica, U.S.A. and Madison Square Gardens i New York, and to Londoner Olympia.
But World-War II ended the tour. While our tented circus was still touring the Argentine, groups of performing lions and tigers, African and Indian elephants, sea-lions and various artistes went from Stellingen to Berlin's Deutschland Hall.Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
1937: 20 elephants. Our last peacetime tour wound up with our show at the Bremen
fair. Then came our traditional 'works banquet* at Stellingen, when
once a year all who worked in the circus, in whatever capacity,
joined in a festive evening. The favourite dancing partner that evening
was a senorita from Mexico, who was also our only feminine animal
catcher. This was the first occasion on which we could admire lovely
Erika Cook. Since, in 1864, Lorenzo Casanova founded the line of our
animal catchers and world travellers, we had had no less than forty-
eight men who year in, year out caught for us from the North Pole to
the South. Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
1940: We took up our winter quarters in our Viennese circus building. Then in 1940 we set out on a tour, going north as far as Dessau, and ending up in Danzig, which was still not blacked out. This was my second son, Herbert's, last tour. The following year, he fell seriously ill and died. Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
The Circus was already suffering from 1943 bombings, when in november 1944 the winterquarters were totally destroyed.
1945: The surviving 8 arabian horses, Mathis tigers and five elephants were sent to Sweden during 1944, under the supervision of Carlo Hagenbeck, son of Lorenz. The elephants became later confiscated by Sweden as as alien property and sold to Ringling Brothers Circus in U.S.A. Together with the five asian elephants, including Minyak, came the elephant trainer Hugo Schmitt, who later became Ringlings chief elephant trainer in U.S.A. (Billboard 15 mar 1947)
1949: Lorenz Hagenbeck went on tour again, but after the war people in europe were to poor to keep his Circus with an income. 1953 he closed it down.
1956: Lorenz Hagenbeck died 26 Feb 1956, in Hamburg.
Lorenz Hagenbeck had the sons Erich and Carl-Lorenz Hagenbeck (1908 - 1948), Herbert Hagenbeck (1911-1941), Erich (1912-?), and grandson Dietrich Hagenbeck.
Erich Hagenbeck went to USA and RBBB in 1941, and designed new facilitites for animals, until World War II came to the USA in December, 1941. In April 1942 he was sent to an internment camp in North Dakota for the duration of the War.
Ringling Brothers and barnum and Baileys winterquarters in Sarrasota. The lower picture shows the monkey islands designd 1941 by Erich Hagenbeck.