The angkus is a rather short metal hook, which mahouts may use when an elephant is disobedient. It is compared to the mothers tusks, which she also uses for the same reason with her children, or in battle with other elephants. In Kerala the mahouts uses a longer hook called Tortie, together with a wooden stick.In the State of Tamil Nadu in south India, the use of metal hooks were prohibited in the seventies, on recommendation by Dr Krisnamurthi, a Forest Dept. veterinarian and a famous elephant expert.
In Sri Lanka, the elephant trainers use a Hendoo, which is longer than the man himself.
Romans used to refer an elephant hook as a cuspis.