Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Ruby at Phoenix Zoo

 ☨ ♀ Ruby  
Photo: Elephant keeper Andrew Smith 1998
Photo: Elephant keeper Andrew Smith 1998


SSP nr173


Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 25 years old
Born:* 1973 wild
Birth place:
Dead: 1998-11-06
Death reason: euthanised: emergency caesarean section and infection
Total: 1 babies

1. Born 1998-11-06
(dead † 1998-11-06)
Present / last location:Phoenix Zoo, in United States

Date of Arrival
(Presently sometimes errors!)

1997-11-11Phoenix Zoo
from Tulsa Zoo
Tulsa Zoo 1995-10-05
from Phoenix Zoo

Document updated2009-01-07: Text
2009-11-22: Previous locations, Birth, SSP
Random literature

† Ruby is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died at Phoenix Zoo, in United States, from euthanised 1998-11-06. Official death reason described as emergency caesarean section and infection. (see detailed list).


  1. (F) 1998-11-06 -- † 1998-11-06 stillborn


Ruby was born wild 1973.

Comments / pictures

At the age of seven months, she was brought from her birth place, a logging camp in Thailand, to the U. S. and delivered to the Phoenix Zoo.
In the fall of 1995, Ruby was sent to the Tulsa (OK) Zoo where she stayed for two years. During that time she bred with Tulsa's Asian male, Sneezy.
In the last days of October, Ruby showed signs of entering labor. But nothing happened, and on October 31, a surgical exam revealed that the baby was dead.
Ruby, managed in protected contact, and pregant for her first time was euthanized at the 6th of November due to complications undergoing an surgery c-section.
Ruby's surgery began at appoximately 11:30am by the assembled veterinarians. Through the surgery, a 321 lb calf was removed through the incision. It was found that the uterus had ruptured and that the calf was in the abdominal cavity, outside of the uterus, hence our inability to remove it via episiotomy. Upon closer examination of the uterus, the tears were too large and too infected to repair. Ruby was euthanized at approximately 12:50pm. It was estimated that the calf had been dead 2 weeks, at about the onset of first labor signs, and that there was possible uterine infection or disease prior to that.

Reference listKoehl, Dan, (2021). Ruby, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Phoenix Zoo in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 2 August 2021 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

  • Email-99: Andrew Smith, elephant keeper in Phoenix Zoo


Internal relevant links

External relevant links (Opens in new window)

    Search more on the web for Ruby

    (The name Ruby is already submitted into the link, just click on the link for relevant results)

  • Billboard
  • Buckles Blog
  • Elephant_Commentator
  • elefanten.wikia
  • Google Internet search
  • Google Books
  • ZooChat

  • Categories1998 deaths | 1973 births | Born in Thailand | Breeding cows | Elephants from Phoenix Zoo | United States | Asian elephants

    This document was updated: 2020-10-18 06:25:24

    Elephant Encyclopedia and database

    Established 1995
    Established 2006
    Search for keywords
    Your ip: