African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Kubwa at Indianapolis Zoo

♀ Kubwa


SSP nr143


Species:African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 45 years old
Body weight: 3590.91 kg, 7900.00 lbs
Management:Free contact
Born:* 1976 wild
Birth place:
Capture: 1978
Total: 3 babies

1. Born 2000-03-06
(dead † 2003-06-03)
Amali SSP id: 514

2. Born 2005-10-18 Kedar SSP id: 545

3. Born 2011-07-20
(dead † 2019-03-26)
Kalina SSP id: 00
Present / last location:Indianapolis Zoo, in United States

Date of Arrival
(Presently sometimes errors!)

1978-03-06Indianapolis Zoo
from International Fertilizer and Chemical Company (Fred Zeehandelaar)

Document updated2009-11-19: Previous locations, Birth, SSP, Management, Text
2011-07-22: text, weight
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Kubwa is a living Female ♀ African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) , located at Indianapolis Zoo, in United States.

Kubwa arrived Indianapolis Zoo 1978-03-06, relocated from International Fertilizer and Chemical Company (Fred Zeehandelaar), in United States.

In Indianapolis Zoo, Kubwa lives together with 4 other elephants with records in this database: (detailed list)

  1. Ivory born 1982
  2. ,
  3. Kedar born 2005-10-18
  4. ,
  5. Tombi born 1976
  6. ,
  7. Zahara born 2006-08-31
  8. , (see detailed list).


  1. (F) 2000-03-06 -- † 2003-06-03 Amali SSP id: 514
  2. (M) 2005-10-18 Kedar SSP id: 545
  3. (F) 2011-07-20 -- † 2019-03-26 Kalina SSP id: 00


Kubwa was born wild 1976, captured 1978 .

Comments / pictures

For six years, Kubwa was kept as a single elephant until the arrival of Ivory to the Indianapolis Zoo in September 1984. In 1998, she made history as the first African elephant to conceive via Artificial insemination, giving birth to Amali in March 2000, the second elephant in the world born via AI. She again gave birth via AI to Kedar in October 2005, the first elephant in the world to give birth to a second calf via AI. And in july 2011, she once again become mother to an AI born female elephant, becoming the first African elephant in the world to give birth three times via artificial insemination.

"Kubwa is a slender, tall elephant and can be identified by her narrow ankles and hairy ears." In June 2009, she weighed 7,900 pounds.

Reference listKoehl, Dan, (2021). Kubwa, African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) located at Indianapolis Zoo in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 3 August 2021 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:


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  • Categories1976 births | Born in Mozambique | Breeding cows | 1978 captures | Elephants from Indianapolis Zoo | United States | African savanna elephants

    This document was updated: 2020-10-18 06:25:24

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