Important message: CNN claim, in an article written by CNN journalists Kay Jones and Hollie Silvermanthe on August 3, 2020 on the website of the following: There are less than 3,500 Asian elephants left in the wild and they face extinction because of ivory poaching and habitat destruction, the zoo statement the article Baby elephant dies 27 days after his birth at St. Louis Zoo, but the article doesnt really state why ivory poaching should be an immediate threat to Asian elephants, and their claims of the world population of Asian elephants, is however also something to doubt.. Although IUCN seems to have forgotten to state the world population of Asian elephants at Their fact sheet about the Asian elephant, while the Asian Elephant Specialist Group state that there are elephants in 13 range states, but AESG seemingly also forgot to mention how many Asian elephants there are today, and on their website it is also not easy to find a record about the world population of Asian elephants, but International Elephant Foundation state on the page Elephas maximus: Endangered due to loss of habitat. Numbers are currently around 30,000 – 50,000 (one-tenth of the population of African elephants, and no mention about ivory hunting in Asia), which is a number far, or rather more than ten times higher than the claim from =There are NOT less than 3,500 Asian elephants left in the wild, as cnn claim.//Dan Koehl

Elephant Pox

Orthopoxvirus bovis

Elephant pox seems actually be a strain of normal cow pox, and is one of the most dangerous diseases for elephants. Most often, it is spread to the elephants from rodents. It is lethal, and was until vaccination programmes, responsible for the death of many elephants. (Kuntze and Janetzky, 1982; Pade et al., 1990).

Even when treated, an infection leads to an enormous suffer for the elephants, and should be avoided at any prize.

Several outbreaks were recorded from european Zoos during 1900, listed by Pilaski in 1989 and modified 1993: (Berlin 1960 and 1961, Leipzig 1960, Erfurt 1962, Magdeburg: 1971 and 1990, Liberec 1972, Amsterdam 1973, Laxenburg-Wien 1974, Ansbach 1975, Lodz 1977, Speyer 1979, Reutlingen 1979 and 1980, Hammeln 1980, Hamburg 1984, Berlin-Spandau 1986, Erfurt 1988, Wuppertal 1989, Dresden 1990, Erfurt 2000, Hannover 2001), the last ones possibly with origin from circuses, and since the elephants at european circuses are still not enough veterinary monitored, they may remain as a potential infection spreader. The latest recorded infections was:


In Europe, information about the pox, as well as vaccine, can be obtained from:

Institut for Medical Microbiology
Infectious and Epidemic Diseases
Veterinrstrasse 13
D-80539 Mnchen

Fax: +49 89 2180


Characterization of a pox virus strain isolated from an elephant.
Kubin, G.; Kolb, O.; Gerstl, F. Wien Tierarztl Monatsschr, 1975, v. 62 (6-8), p. 271-276.
Language: German with Summary in English.
NAL call no: 41.8 T345
Descriptors: pox virus, elephant, strain.

Elephants and their habitats: The ecology of elephants in North Bunyoro, Uganda.
Laws, R.M.; Parker, I.S.C.; Johnstone, R.C.B. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975, 376 p. ill. index, bibl.
NAL call no: QL737.P98L3
Descriptors: elephants, wildlife conservation, wildlife management.

Exungulation of all extremities in a female elephant in consequence of a smallpox infection.
Kuntze, A.; Burger, M.; Jancke, S.; Topfer, I. Monatsh Veterinarmed, Sept. 15, 1975, v. 30 (18), p. 703-705. ref.
Language: German with an English summary.
NAL call no: 41.8 M742
Descriptors: small pox, elephant, exungulation, feet.

9 Elephants associated with elephant smallpox.

OriginAgeBirthDeath dateParentsArrivalPresent or last Location
+ -Peggy-EM
wild years2000-11-00 x Circus Baldini (Zirkus Baldini )
+ -Monty-EM
wild years2000-11-00 x Circus Baldini (Zirkus Baldini )
+ -stillborn-EM
captive-born < 1 years1998-01-171998-01-17Ankhor (Angkor) x Kewa1998-01-17Berlin-Friedrichsfelde Tierpark
+ -Konga-LA
wild years01991 x Dresden Zoo
+ -Bombay-EM
wild 30 years19601990-08-01 x 1963-06-07Dresden Zoo
+ -Kati-EM
wild 14 years19581972-01-02 x 1961-06-21Magdeburg Zoo
+ -Sonja-EM
wild 15 years19561971-07-30 x 1960-10-07Magdeburg Zoo
+ -Con Voi Bon-EM
wild 23 years19371960-06-21 x 1959-10-07Leipzig Zoo
+ -Kiri-EM
wild 30 years19301960-05-24 x 1952-09-28Leipzig Zoo