Elephant Anthrax

Bacillus anthracis

Rodshaped gram-positive bacteria, spread from contaminated food, clay (mudbath) or water.

Syndroms:

  • Skin form (common in India)
  • Intestinal form (Zoos and parks)

Caracterics

  • Sudden death
  • High fever
  • Tremors
  • Lethargy
  • Colic
  • Swellings
  • Foam and blood from body openings

Diagnosis:

  • Blood smears show capsules with the bacteria

Treatment:

  • Penicillin

3 Deceased elephants due to Anthrax.

NameSpecies
Sex
OriginAgeBirthDeath dateDeath reasonParentsArrival
Death location
+ -unnamed (wild)-EM
F
wild?2021-07-17disease
Anthrax
x
Coimbatore forest division
+ -Sally-EM
wild819561964-03-22disease
Anthrax
x 1961-08-26
Chester Zoo
+ -Sheila-EM
F
wild?1964-03-18disease
Anthrax
x 1962-02-00
Chester Zoo


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