Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
St Louis Zoo in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♀ Carolyn  dead elephant


SSP nr237


Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 32 years old
Born:* 1968 wild
Birth place:
Dead: 2000-04-11
Death reason: disease: Pyelonephritis, Elephant Elephant TB (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) (Mycobacterium tuberculosis), arthritis
Locations - owners
Present / last location:St Louis Zoo, in United States

Date of arrival

1991-09-26St Louis Zoo
from Dickerson Park Zoo

1990-03-28Dickerson Park Zoo
from St Louis Zoo

Record history
History of updates2020-12-27

Latest document update2020-10-18 06:25:24
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† Carolyn is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 2000-04-11 at St Louis Zoo, in United States, . Official death reason described as Pyelonephritis, Elephant Elephant TB (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) (Mycobacterium tuberculosis), arthritis.


Carolyn was born wild 1968.

Comments / pictures

For eighteen months, Pearl and Carolyn were sent on breeding loan to breed with the Dickerson Park Zoo's dominant bull Onyx. While both came back pregnant, only Pearl carried her calf to term, Onyx's only male calf to live past the age of three.

Pyelonephritis was proximal cause of death (a young elephant)
Mild Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD) Left scapulohumeral (shoulder) joint with a more moderate DJD left elbow
Left coxofemoral joint (hip) had severe DJD.
Left stifle (knee) showed severe DJD, erosion of half of the kneecap, femur and tibia
Henry Melvyn Richardson, DVM

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). Carolyn, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at St Louis Zoo in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 25 June 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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Categories2000 deaths | 1968 births | Elephants from St Louis Zoo | United States | Asian elephants

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