Wild born elephants at Africa unspecified location in Africa unspecified country


Nr Sex Species Name Id Age Birth Death date ParentsArrival Location
1 ♂ LA Sebas pickled elephant ><1753<1753 x Africa unspecified location
2 ♂ LA Vaarti >2019? x 2019-00-00 DSWT Kaluku Neonate Nursery
3 ⚪ LA noname >2006 x noname 2006-00-00 Djuma Game Reserve
4 ♂ LA Ahai >1997 x 1997-10-17 Wuhan Zoo
5 ♀ LA Reed >1993 x Yamaguchi Safariland
6 ♀ LA Curve >1990? x Pongola Game Reserve
7 ♀ LA Tonga >1990 x 2020-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
8 ♀ LA Kimba >1989 x 2020-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
9 ♀ LA Samba >1988 x Cirque de lEurope (Max Aucante)
10 ♀ LA Citta >1987 x 2004-09-00 Platschow Elefantenhof
11 ♀ LA Linda > EEP id: 8601 19862021-02-02? x 2009-08-20 Poznan Zoo
12 ♀ LA Jenny >19852003 x Circus Berolina (Spindler)
13 ♀ LA Bambi >1985 x 2022-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
14 ♂ LA Afrique > EEP id: 8315 1984-10-15 x 2022-06-22 Port Saint-Pere Zoo (Planete sauvage)
15 ♀ LA Daisy >1984 x 1987-12-00 Blair Drummond Safari and Adventure Park
16 ♂ LA Tembo > EEP id: 8310 1983 x 1998-02-28 Colchester Zoo
17 ♀ LA Rosa >1983 x 2022-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
18 ♂ LA Mambo >19832020-08-16 x 2020-05-00 Szada Safari park
19 ♀ LA Nanda >1983 x 2020-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
20 ♂ LA Rambo (Dumbo) >19832012-07-00 x Circus Atlas (Circus Frankello)
21 ♀ LA Zola > EEP id: 8206 1982 x 1985-11-09 Colchester Zoo
22 ♀ LA Makonga >19822005 x Circus Carl Busch
23 ♀ LA Opal > EEP id: 8312 1982 x 1998-02-28 Colchester Zoo
24 ♀ LA Tara > SSP id: 220 1982 x 1986-11-14 Atlanta Zoo
25 ♀ LA Baby (Tonga?) >1982 x Bernhard Caselly
26 ♀ LA Kosti > SSP id: 446 1982 x 2022-07-14 Memphis Zoo
27 ♀ LA Pai Tai > SSP id: 395 19822002-10-27 x 1986-09-15 Taipei Zoo
28 ♀ LA Tanya > EEP id: 8104 1981 x 1985-11-02 Colchester Zoo
29 ♂ LA Thai >19812013-02-05 x 2005-06-03 Stukenbrock Safaripark
30 ♀ LA Ramboline >1981 x 2020-05-15 Knuthenborg Park & Safari
31 ♀ LA Inga >1981 x 2018-06-00 Amneville Zoo (Coulange Zoo)
32 ♂ LA Lan Po > SSP id: 386 19802011-04-22 x 1986-10-13 Taipei Zoo
33 ♀ LA Buba >1978 x 2022-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
34 ♀ LA Makia (Malkia) > SSP id: 373 1978 x 1993-01-24 Jorge Barreda
35 ♂ LA Ingani >1977?2019? x Pongola Game Reserve
36 ⚪ LA Mimi > EEP id: 8008 1977 x Unknown
37 ♀ LA Siam >1975/19761997-01-00 x 1977-00-00 Circus Giovanni Althoff
38 ♀ LA Vanni > EEP id: 7310 19732006-08 x 2005-10-03 Nikolaev Zoo
39 ♀ LA Sanga >1972? x 1977-00-00 Giza Zoological Garden
40 ♀ LA Kameo > AERP id: KB 1972? x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
41 ♀ LA Gipsy (Gypsie) > Local id: 3433 19721984-09-14 x 1973-04-18 Kolmarden Zoo
42 ♀ LA Nobi (Noby) > Local id: 3434 19721978-08-16 x 1973-04-18 Kolmarden Zoo
43 ♀ LA Tembo (Tempo) > Local id: 3435 19721974-11-27 x 1973-04-18 Kolmarden Zoo
44 ♂ LA Roland >19721988 x Cirkus Mai
45 ♀ LA Missy > SSP id: 81 1969 x 2015-10-18 Cheyenne Mountain Zoo
46 ♀ LA Sandri (Sandrie) > EEP id: 7306 1969 x 1988-07-04 Naples Zoo
47 ♀ LA Linda >1969 x Havana Zoological Garden
48 ♀ LA Keely > AERP id: KB 1968? x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
49 ♀ LA Kaitlin > AERP id: KB 1968? x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
50 ♀ LA Bonnie (Konti) > SSP id: 340 19681987 x 1978-00-00 Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus (Blue Unit)
51 ♀ LA Lady > SSP id: 65 1968 x 1994-07-16 Kansas City Zoo
52 ♂ LA Tembo > EEP id: 6604 19661984-12-18 x 1968-04-25 Thoiry Zoo
53 ♀ LA Merula > EEP id: 6605 19661988-08-27 x 1968-04-25 Thoiry Zoo
54 ♀ LA Iringa > EEP id: 6606 19661985-12-27 x 1968-05-06 Thoiry Zoo
55 ⚪ LC unknown >1963-12-00 x 1963-12-13 Ibadan Zoo
56 ♀ LA Sara > EEP id: 6201 1962-00-002013-11-20 x 1964-09-08 Rostock Zoo
57 ♀ LA Alicia > EEP id: 6102 19612008-02-29 x 1980-09-05 Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
58 ♂ LA Sudan >1960<1965 x 1962-11-28 Circus Carl Althoff
59 ♀ LA Toto >19591980 x 1962-00-00 London Zoo
60 ♀ LA Kizzy > AERP id: KB 1956? x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
61 ♀ LA Laila (Leila) >1954,19551998 x 1997-03-00 Naples Zoo
62 ♀ LC Dima >1953-00-001979-00-00 x 1954-00-00 Frankfurt Zoo
63 ♀ LA Safari >19521979-09-01 x 1960-04-02 Leipzig Zoo
64 ♀ LA Sudan > SSP id: 311 19361947-12-25 x 1936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
65 ♀ LC Pouquois (Puqua) >19361941-11-05 x 1936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
66 ♂ LC Congo >19361937-02-00 x 1936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
67 ♀ LA Jumbina > SSP id: 3 19111952-06-30 x 1913-08-08 Smithsonian National Zoological Park
68 ♂ LA Jumbo II > SSP id: 2 19101916-06-28 x 1913-08-08 Smithsonian National Zoological Park
69 ♂ LA Pepi >1898 x 1902-00-00 Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
70 ♀ LA unknown >1880 x 1894-10-23 Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
71 ♂ LA Bismarck >1865? x 1888-00-00 Adam Forepaugh Circus
72 ♂ LA Jumbo > SSP id: 301 18611885-09-15 x 1882-04-09 Barnum & Bailey Circus
73 ♂ LA Sahib >18611907 x 1861-00-00 Menagerie du Paris Jardin des Plantes
74 ♀ LA Old Bet > SSP id: 300 18001816-07-26 x 1808-00-00 Bailey Circus
75 ♀ LC unknown >16641681-01-22 x 1665-00-00 Versailles menagerie
76 ♀ LA Lilly > x Safari Park Richter
77 ♂ EM Surus >-202 x Hannibal Barca
78 ♀ LA Gira >2019-02-28 x 1979-00-00 Barquisimeto Zoo (Parque Zoológico y Botánico Bararida)
79 ♀ LA unknown > x 1979-00-00 Barquisimeto Zoo (Parque Zoológico y Botánico Bararida)
80 ♀ LA Tabu >1977-00-00 x 1962-00-00 Boras Zoo
81 ♀ LA Anan > x Wuhan Zoo
82 ♀ LA Marisel > x Mayaguez Zoo (Juan A. Rivero Zoo)
83 ♀ LA unknown >1980 x 1980-00-00 Helsinki Zoo Quarantine Island
84 ♂ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
85 ♀ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
86 ♀ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
87 ♀ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
88 ♀ LA Bibi >1983 x 1962-00-00 Wuppertal Zoo
89 ♀ LA Topsy > x 1908-00-00 Barnum & Bailey Circus
90 ♀ LA Baldufa >1972 x 1966-00-00 Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
91 ♀ LA unknown >1974 x 1967-00-00 Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
92 ♀ LA Seba > x 2003-02-00 Okavango Delta
93 ♀ LA Chevrette >1855-02-01 x 1825-05-26 Menagerie du Paris Jardin des Plantes
94 ♂ LA Neptun >1883-04-02 x 1870-07-04 Vienna Zoo
95 ♂ LA Toto >1939 x 1910-00-00 Rome Zoo
96 ♂ LA Benjamin > x 1926-00-00 Lisbon Zoo
97 ♀ LA Lollo II > x Augsburg Zoo
98 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
99 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
100 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
101 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
102 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
103 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
104 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
105 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
106 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
107 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
108 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
109 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
110 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
111 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
112 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
113 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
114 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
115 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
116 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
117 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
118 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
119 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
120 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
121 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
122 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
123 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
124 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
125 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
126 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
127 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
128 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
129 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
130 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
131 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
132 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
133 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
134 ♂ LA noname > x Knysna forest
135 ♀ LA Babar >1970-04-21 x 1955-05-31 Rome Zoo
136 ♂ LA Jumbo >1979-10-06 x 1956-09-20 Rome Zoo
137 ♀ LA Output > x Knysna forest
138 ♀ LA Annie > x 1867-00-00 Adam Forepaugh Circus
139 ♀ LA Kenya > x Circus Hoffman
140 ♂ LA noname > x Victoria Falls National Park
141 ♀ LA unknown > x 1886-12-31 Circus Wulff
142 ♀ LA Jumbo > x 1955-00-00 Stuttgart Wilhelma Zoo
143 ♂ LA Timba >2006-12-08 x 2003-12-16 Parco Faunistico Le Cornelle
144 ♀ LA Princess > x Unknown
145 ⚪ LA unknown > Local id: 1 1860 x 1860-00-00 Hamburg Natural History Museum
146 ♀ LA unknown > x Nishinoda African safari
147 ♀ LA unknown >2009 x Nishinoda African safari
148 ♀ LA unknown > x American Circus
149 ♀ LA Baby > x 2022-07-00 Elefantenreservat Starkenberg
150 ♀ LA Kleo > AERP id: KB x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
151 ♀ LA Kora > AERP id: KB x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
152 ♂ LA X004 > Local id: X004 x Amboseli National Park
153 ♂ LA Giant (wild) > x Zambezi National Park
154 ♂ LP Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 24 > x Hierakonpolis Nekhen royal menagerie
155 ♂ LA Fénykövi elephant >1955-11-13 x Cuando River region
156 ♂ LP Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 33 > x Hierakonpolis Nekhen royal menagerie
157 ♂ LA Goliath (wild) > x Zambezi National Park
158 ♂ LA Baby > x Zoo Circus
159 ⚪ LA Murinzi > x 1975-00-00 Akagera National Park
160 ⚪ ML RBCM Moeritherium > x Africa unspecified location
161 ⚪ PM unknown > x Africa unspecified location
162 ♂ LA Delia Akeley elephant >1905-00-00 x Africa unspecified location
163 ♂ LA Carl Akeley elephant >1905-00-00 x Africa unspecified location
164 ⚪ LA Hola elephant > x Unknown
165 ♂ LP Victor > x King Pyrrhus of Epirus
166 ♀ LA Nicholaus IIs elephant >1916 x 1916-00-00 Moscow Zoo
167 ♀ LA Sizi > Local id: 3 x Zambezi National Park
168 ♂ LA Tulku > Local id: 4 x Zambezi National Park
169 ♂ LA Matabele > Local id: 6 x 2015-07-11 Zimbabwe Elephant Nursery (ZEN)
170 ♀ LA Temba > x 2022-04-00 Safari Park Richter
171 ♀ LA Suna > x Waltersdorf Zoo (Tier-Erlebnispark Waltersdorf)
172 ♂ LA Maisha >2021-06-26 x Lukenya Field headquarters
173 ⚪ LA Unknown > x 1870-00-00 Dresden Zoo
174 ♀ LA Dumbo > x Irem Shrine Circus


Source for the list of elephants born at Africa unspecified location

Reference list

Facts about Wild born elephants at Africa unspecified location in Africa unspecified country, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2021), available online retrieved 9 December 2022 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=3077 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2021-02-25 Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 33:• https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/150525-ancient-egypt-zoo-pets-hierakonpolis-baboons-archaeology
•  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nekhen
•  http://www.hierakonpolis-online.org/nekhennews/nn-21-2009.pdf
•  https://www.academia.edu/7988101/THE_ELITE_PREDYNASTIC_CEMETERY_AT_HIERAKONPOLIS_2009_2010_Update
2021-02-25 Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 24:• https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/150525-ancient-egypt-zoo-pets-hierakonpolis-baboons-archaeology
•  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nekhen
•  http://www.hierakonpolis-online.org/nekhennews/nn-21-2009.pdf
•  https://www.academia.edu/7988101/THE_ELITE_PREDYNASTIC_CEMETERY_AT_HIERAKONPOLIS_2009_2010_Update
2021-02-03 Linda:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
•  Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo
•  Zoo Poznan Official Site on Facebook
2021-01-12 Mambo:• https://www.focus.de/panorama/welt/todes-drama-tierschuetzer-mit-schwerem-vorwurf-zirkus-elefanten-mambo-und-betty-erstickt_id_12573546.html
2020-12-05 Buba:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  http://www.npo.nl/zapp-echt-gebeurd/08-05-2016/KN_1680375
•  http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7567
•  Christian Hamel, France
2020-12-03 Bambi:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  https://www.lejsl.com/edition-macon/2016/10/22/en-images-le-petit
•  Christian Hamel, France
2020-10-14 Sanga:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 17/2010, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 Siam:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 Sudan:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-08-03 Sebas pickled elephant:• Ewen Callaway, https://www.nature.com/news/linnaeus-s-asian-elephant-was-wrong-species-1.14063
2020-05-15 Ramboline:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
2020-05-06 Lilly:• http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
•  http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Zirkus
2020-05-06 Temba:• http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
•  http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Zirkus
•  https://elefanten.fandom.com/wiki/Temba
2020-05-06 Suna:• http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Zirkus
•  http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
2018-10-24 Maisha:• https://www.sheldrickwildlifetrust.org/news/updates/unexpected-loss-of-maisha
2018-07-02 Afrique:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2018-07-01 Lan Po:• Taipei Zoo, through Zoological Information Management System (ZIMS)
2018-06-12 Inga:• http://www.lessentiel.lu/de/news/grossregion/story/26393107
2018-05-26 Sandri (Sandrie):• Spartaco Gippoliti
•  Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2018-05-17 Sizi:• https://www.zimbabweelephantnursery.com/sizi/
2018-05-17 Tulku:• https://www.zimbabweelephantnursery.com/sizi-3/
2018-05-17 Matabele:• https://www.zimbabweelephantnursery.com/sizi-2/
2018-05-13 Laila (Leila):• EEG Magazine nr 19, July 2011, by European Elephant Group
•  Page 112 Circus Krone by Frieda Sembach-Krone
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2018-05-10 Samba:• http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2416072/French-petanque-player-84-killed-tonne-elephant-run-away-circus.html
•  Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
2018-03-14 Opal:• Jelle Boef
2017-03-08 Tembo:• ISIS through Peter Stolk
2017-02-10 Baby (Tonga?):• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  http://www.fyens.dk/article/1576196?fbrefresh=true
2014-02-03 Jumbo:• Richard Reynolds, Buckles Blog at http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/03/new-book-on-jumbo-from-richard-reynolds.html
•  Paul Chambers, Jumbo: The Greatest Elephant in the World</a>, Steerforth, 224 pp. at http://www.amazon.com/dp/1586421417?tag=elephantconsulta&camp=14573&creative=327641&linkCode=as1&creativeASIN=1586421417&adid=0HBGCT2DAW644ND90S4M&
•  https://lbry-web-007.amnh.org/digital/index.php/items/show/60745
2013-11-23 Sara:• The African Forest Elephant and its status in captivity. Part 1: Europe, by Don Cousins, International Zoo News No. 251 (41/2) March 1994. Online list at http://www.zoochat.com/2/african-forest-elephants-completely-gone-zoos-215250/index2.html
2013-05-27 unknown:• The African Forest Elephant and its status in captivity. Part 1: Europe, by Don Cousins, International Zoo News No. 251 (41/2) March 1994
•  Page 57, The Wild Elephants and the Method of Capturing and Taming it in Ceylon, by J. Emerson Tennent
•  Memoires Pour Servir L'Histoire Naturelle
•  Page 258, Elephants: A Cultural and Natural History, by Karl Groning and Martin Saller
2013-02-18 Thai:• http://www.nw-news.de/top_news/7920260_Elefantenbulle_Thai_mit_32_Jahren_gestorben.html
2012-09-18 Roland:• Anton Frank
2012-08-21 Rambo (Dumbo):• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-07-05 Gipsy (Gypsie):• Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
2012-07-05 Nobi (Noby):• Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
2012-07-05 Tembo (Tempo):• Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
2012-07-01 Jumbo:• http://giardinozoologicodiroma.it/Collegamenti/Elefanti.html
2012-05-24 Kosti:• https://elefanten.fandom.com/wiki/Kosti
2012-04-17 Sudan:• Buckles Web Log, From Chris Berry #2
• "Sarasota 1947 #1 (From Buckles)," Buckles Web Log, 2010-07-27
•  Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2012-04-12 Topsy:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Page 20, 50, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2012-04-12 Annie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-03-31 RBCM Moeritherium:• https://motleymoose.net/2016/10/31/4403/the-royal-british-columbia-museums-exhibit-on-mammoths-and-ancient-proboscideans/
2012-03-31 unknown:• https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phiomia_minor.jpg
•  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phiomia
2012-03-31 Curve:• https://natureandwildlife.tv/elephant/extremely-rare-elephant-twins-are-born-for-the-first-time-in-a-decade-2/
2012-03-31 Delia Akeley elephant:• https://www.fieldmuseum.org/about/history/carl-akeley
2012-03-31 Carl Akeley elephant:• https://www.fieldmuseum.org/about/history/carl-akeley
2012-03-31 Hola elephant:• https://sverigesradio.se/artikel/6825531
•  Love Dahlén, Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM)
•  Adrian Lister, London Natural History Museum
2012-03-31 Victor:• Lane Fox, Robin (1973). Alexander the Great. Penguin. p. 339. ISBN 9780140088786.
•  https://erenow.net/biographies/alexanderthegreatrobinlane/25.php
2012-03-31 Nicholaus IIs elephant:• https://www.mos.ru/en/news/item/43645073/
2012-03-31 Dumbo:• https://www.inquirer.com/philly/news/breaking/20100415_Animal_group__Dumbos_handlers_death_no_accident.html
2012-03-27 Murinzi:• https://www.thebharatexpressnews.com/this-elephant-conservation-safari-in-rwanda-is-a-must-do/
2012-03-12 Baby:• Toni Rhodin, Malmö, Sweden
2012-03-11 Baby:• https://www.bild.de/regional/thueringen/thueringen-aktuell/thueringen-elefant-baby-verletzte-trainerin-schwer-behoerde-stoppt-ruessel-rambo-81405852.bild.html?t_ref=https%3A%2F%2Fm.bild.de%2Fregional%2Fthueringen%2Fthueringen-aktuell%2Fthueringen-elefant-baby-verletzte-trainerin-schwer-behoerde-stoppt-ruessel-rambo-81405852.bildMobile.html
2012-02-22 Bonnie (Konti):• Buckles Weblog
2011-12-30 Fénykövi elephant:• https://naturalhistory.si.edu/exhibits/african-bush-elephant
•  https://siris-sihistory.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=1625X853BX806.536&profile=sicall&source=~!sichronology&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!818~!4&ri=9&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=elephant&index=.GW&uindex=&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ri=9
•  https://siris-sihistory.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=1625X853BX806.536&profile=sicall&source=~!sichronology&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!1129~!5&ri=13&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=elephant&index=.GW&uindex=&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ri=13
2011-06-05 Citta:• EEG Magazine nr 18, Jan 2010, by European Elephant Group
2011-04-26 Old Bet:• Stuart Thayer, USA
•  Page 9, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
•  Elephant Notes and New. Shoshani et.al 2000. Available at https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1165&context=elephant
•  https://q1065.fm/why-a-farmer-from-alfred-killed-one-of-the-first-circus-elephants/
2011-04-26 Jumbo II:• Wild Animals in and out of the Zoo by William M. Mann
2011-04-26 Jumbina:• Wild Animals in and out of the Zoo by William M. Mann
2011-04-07 Missy:• Ryan Easley, USA
2011-04-06 Pai Tai:• Taipei Zoo, through Zoological Information Management System (ZIMS)
2010-05-22 unknown:• Mikael Waxman, Sweden.
2010-05-22 Reed:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-05-02 unknown:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-05-02 unknown:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-04-14 Mimi:• Sandra Devaney, Registrar/Research Coordinator, Dublin Zoo
2010-04-09 Rosa:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  Christian Hamel, France
2010-02-27 Pepi:• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
2010-02-27 unknown:• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
2009-11-29 Daisy:• Chris Lucas, Blair Drummond Safari Park, United Kingdom
2009-11-23 unknown:• Page 153, 154 Beasts and Men, by Carl Hagenbeck
2009-11-14 Bismarck:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• https://classic.circushistory.org/Query/Query09a.htm
• Page 18, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-11-14 Princess:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
•  Page 18, 20, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-11-09 Neptun:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-11-06 Timba:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-10-31 Safari:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-03-29 Lady:• Ryan Easley, USA
2009-03-21 Vanni:• Dan Koehl
• Teija Hakkarainen, elephant keeper in Zoolandia
• Vanni, Suomalaisen norsuhistorian lyhyt oppimäärä by Markku Aulanko, 2005, ISBN 952-91-9624-5.
2009-01-30 Jumbo:• http://www.stuttgarter-wochenblatt.de/stw/page/detail.php/1933282
2009-01-05 Zola:• Celebrations Have Been In Order
•  Heartbreak Over Elephant Death
2009-01-04 Tara:• Ryan Easley, USA
2009-01-01 Pouquois (Puqua):• Buckles Web Log, From Chris Berry #2
•  Pages 64, 65, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-01-01 Congo:• Buckles Web Log, From Chris Berry #2
•  Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2008-12-20 unknown:• Spartaco Gippoliti, Rome, Italy
2008-10-15 Babar:• Spartaco Gippoliti, Rome, Italy
2008-09-30 Output:• Ryno Joubert, History of the Knysna Elephants: The Southernmost Free Roaming Elephants in the World (2020), at https://www.knysnamuseums.co.za//media/doc/hl/history_knysna_elephants_joubert.pdf
•  Meet Oupoot, the only elephant left in the entire Knysna forest, at https://www.news24.com/news24/SouthAfrica/News/meet-oupoot-the-only-elephant-left-in-the-entire-knysna-forest-20190215
•  Research confirms female elephant in the Knysna forest, https://www.sanparks.org/about/news/default.php?id=57723
2008-03-30 Chevrette:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2008-03-30 Sahib:• p. 86,
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Oettermenn, Schaulust am Elefanten
2008-03-21 Alicia:• Jessica Jeniu Perez, March 2008
• Peter Stolk, 2007
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2007-07-08 Toto:• Christoffer Brack, Wüppertal, Germany. Facebook: https://web.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100073098771893
2007-03-14 Makonga:• Michael Mettler
2007-02-16 Gira:• https://www.descifrado.com/2019/03/01/crisis-mueren-una-elefanta-y-un-poni-en-zoologico-de-barquisimeto01mar/


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