African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis)
Pouquois (Puqua) at Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus

 ☨ ♀ Pouquois (Puqua)  
© Buckles Woodcock
© Buckles Woodcock



Species:African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 5 years old
Born:* 1936 wild
Birth place:
Capture: 1936
Dead: 1941-11-05
Death reason: killed: poison
Present / last location:Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus, in United States

Date of Arrival
(Presently sometimes errors!)

1936-00-00Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
from Howard Y. Bary
Howard Y. Bary 1936-00-00
from Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center

Document updated2009-01-01: Birth, Image, Text, Source
Relevant literature


† Pouquois (Puqua) is a dead Female ♀ African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), , who died at Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus, in United States, from killed 1941-11-05. Official death reason described as poison. (see detailed list).


Pouquois (Puqua) was born wild 1936, captured 1936 .

Comments / pictures

"These so-called pygmy elephants were obtained by Howard Bary around the end of 1935 or early in 1936.
He got them for RBBB from the elephant training station at Gangala na bodio in the eastern Belgian Congo (now Dem. Republic of Congo). This litho shows the number of elephants (5) that he took out of the Congo. It was an arduous journey involving an overland trek from Gangala to Juba, Sudan on the Nile, then down the Nile to Alexandria and thence by ocean vessel from there. Two of the elephants died en route.
Three arrived in New York for the opening in the Garden in 1936. They were a male Congo, female Pouquois (Puqua) and another female Sudan. The first two were genuine forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) with the straight down tusks, typical of that species (It is now classified as a separate species instead of a jungle version of the big bush elephants).
The third one, Sudan, was a bush elephant and later photos of her show the physical features of that species as contrasted to the forest elephants. She lived the longest dying in Sarasota at the end of 1947 (There are some rumors that she was killed). Congo had died in Sarasota in early 1937 and Puqua died in Atlanta in November 1941 in the infamous elephant poisoning incident."

Richard Reynolds

Reference listKoehl, Dan, (2021). Pouquois (Puqua), African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) located at Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 30 July 2021 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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  • Categories1941 deaths | 1936 births | Born in Congo | 1936 captures | Elephants from Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus | United States | African forest elephants

    This document was updated: 2020-10-18 06:25:24

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