Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Abul-Abbas at Charlemagne, (Carolus Magnus) emperor of Holy Roman Empire

 ☨ ♂ Abul-Abbas  



Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Male ♂
Born:* wild
Birth place:
Dead: 0810
Death reason: disease: Pneumonia?
Present / last location:Charlemagne, (Carolus Magnus) emperor of Holy Roman Empire, in Germany

Date of Arrival
(Presently sometimes errors!)

0802-07-20Charlemagne, (Carolus Magnus) emperor of Holy Roman Empire
from Harun al-Rashid, Caliph of Baghdad

Document updated2020-09-27
Random literature

† Abul-Abbas is a dead Male ♂ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died at Charlemagne, (Carolus Magnus) emperor of Holy Roman Empire, in Germany, from disease 0810. Official death reason described as Pneumonia?. (see detailed list).


Abul-Abbas was born wild .

Comments / pictures

Becoming Charlemagne: Europe, Baghdad, and the Empires of A.D. 800

Jeff Sypeck

More info?
Abul-Abbas was an Asian elephant given to Emperor Charlemagne by the caliph of Baghdad, Harun al-Rashid, in 798. Abul-Abbas was a white elephant, a rare and impressive gift.

Abul-Abbas's journey from the Abbasid empire to Europe started with a crossing of the Mediterranean Sea by ship, which landed at Portovenere in October 801.

The embassy to the Frankish court was led by the governor of Egypt, Ibrahim Ibn al-Aghlab, (in response to a mission despatched by Charlemagne to the caliph's court in 797) the elephant and his mahout, a Jewish North African named Isaac, spent the winter in Vercelli, and in the spring they started the march over the Alps to the Emperor's residence in Aachen, arriving on July 1, 802.

Abul-Abbas was exhibited on various occasions when the court was assembled, and was eventually housed in Augsburg in southern Bavaria.

In 804 the Danish king Godfred attacked a trading village near Denmark and moved the people by force to his newly-built trading village in Hedeby; his goal was to secure Denmark's part of the trade in the northern countries. Charlemagne mobilized his troops against the Danes, and sent for his elephant to join in the mighty battle.

In 810, when he was in his forties, Abul-Abbas died at Lippeham on Luneburg heath, probably of of pneumonia after crossing the cold water in the Rhine.

It should take another 400 years before next elephant in Europe, known as The Cremona elephant came to Germany in 1229.

[802] DCCCII. Herena imperatrix de Constantinopoli misit legatum nomine Leonem spatarium de pace confirmanda inter Francos et Grecos, et imperator vicissim propter ipsum absoluto illo misit Iesse episcopum Ambianensem et Helmgaudum comitem Constantinopolim, ut pacem cum ea statuerent. Celebratum est pascha Aquisgrani palatio.

Ipsius anni mense Iulio, XIII. Kal. Aug., venit Isaac cum elefanto et ceteris muneribus, quae a rege Persarum missa sunt, et Aquisgrani omnia imperatori detulit; nomen elefanti erat Abul Abaz.

Ortona civitas in Italia in deditionem accepta, Luceria quoque frequenti obsidione fatigata et ipsa in deditionem venit, praesidiumque nostrorum in ea positum.

Imperator aestatis tempore in Arduenna venatibus operam dedit et misso Saxonum exercitu Transalbianos Saxones vastavit.

Grimoaldus Beneventanorum dux in Luceria Winigisum comitem Spoletii, qui praesidio praeerat, adversa valitudine fatigatum obsedit et in deditionem accepit captumque honorifice habuit.

Imperator Aquisgrani natalem Domini celebravit. Et inmutavit se numerus annorum in

Annales regni francorum 802

Reference listKoehl, Dan, (2021). Abul-Abbas, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Charlemagne, (Carolus Magnus) emperor of Holy Roman Empire in Germany. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 30 July 2021 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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  • Categories0810 deaths | Elephants from Charlemagne, (Carolus Magnus) emperor of Holy Roman Empire | Germany | Asian elephants

    This document was updated: 2020-10-18 06:25:24

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