Forepaughs Bolivar
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Philadelphia Zoo in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♂ Forepaughs Bolivar  dead elephant
Forepaughs Bolivar displayed as taxidermy specimen.
Forepaughs Bolivar as taxidermy specimen.
"Bolivar" in the Philadelphia Zoo
"Bolivar" in the Philadelphia Zoo
Taxidermy locationThe Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, United States

Identification

SSP nr555

Description

Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Male ♂ 47 years old
Body height: 3.05 meter, 10.0 feet
Body weight: 6000.00 kg, 13200.00 lbs

People killed:1
Origin
Born:* 1861 wild
Birth place: in Asia unspecified location
Death
Dead: 1908-07-21
Death reason: age:
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Philadelphia Zoo, in United States

Date of arrival

1888-12-25Philadelphia Zoo
from Adam Forepaugh Circus

1880-00-00Adam Forepaugh Circus
from Van Amburg Circus

1878-00-00Van Amburg Circus
from Tower of London Menagerie

Record history
History of updates2012-03-09: picture, text
2013-05-01: text, picture, added tower of london

Latest document update2020-10-18 06:25:24
Random literature
Biography

† Forepaughs Bolivar is a dead Male ♂ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 1908-07-21 at Philadelphia Zoo, in United States, .

Taxidermy locationThe Taxidermy remains of this animal is within the Taxidermy collection at The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, in Philadelphia, United States, since 1908-00-00.

Origin


Forepaughs Bolivar was born wild 1861 at Asia unspecified location.


Comments / pictures

Killed 2 keepers/trainers before arrival in Philadelphia Zoo.

Records about Forepaughs Bolivar from William "Buckles" Woodcocks Blog at http://www.bucklesw.blogspot.com/
Originally from Tower of London Menagerie
Later on Van Amburg Show 1845
To Adam Forepaugh 1880
Died in 1885. (EDIT Seems this date of death record is false)"



This source states that Forepaughs Bolivar was never in London
According to this source at circus history, Forepaughs Bolivar was not at The Tower menagerie:The second Bolivar was probably imported to America from Ceylon in the late 1860's. He had been with the Van Amburgh show for some years, before being sold to the Adam Forepaugh show, and in 1888 when he was delivered to the Philadelphia Zoological Gardens he was believed to have been approx. 27 years old. The Forepaugh Bolivar died in 1908, and was believed to have been in its late 40's. Bolivar was considered so dangerous at the zoo, that he was never let out of his stall for the last 12 to 15 years of his life. Afterward, its Skeleton and mounted hide were for many years on exhibit at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. The Forepaugh Bolivar was reported to have been, ten Feet at the shoulder and weighed 6 tonnes.

http://www.circushistory.org/Query/Query05e.htm


Records about Forepaughs Bolivar from Bob Cline
BOLIVAR 1872 to 1877 - Van Amburgh's Menagerie & Circus
Male Asian 1878 to 1879 - Van Amburgh's Great Golden Menagerie
1880 - bought by Adam Forepaugh for $ 7,100.00
1883 to 1884 - Cooper, Jackson & Co's Great International Allied Shows
1885 - Adam Forepaugh Circus
1886 to 1908 - Philadelphia Zoological Gardens
Died - Aug.2, 1908


1888-11-28: Adam Forepaugh bought Bolivar for 7 000 dollars.
He had been with the Van Amburgh show for some years, before being sold to the Adam Forepaugh show, and in 1888 when he was delivered to the Philadelphia Zoological Gardens he was believed to have been approx. 27 years old. The Forepaugh Bolivar died in 1908, and was believed to have been in its late 40's. Bolivar was considered so dangerous at the zoo, that he was never let out of his stall for the last 12 to 15 years of his life. Afterward, its Skeleton and mounted hide were for many years on exhibit at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. The Forepaugh Bolivar was reported to have been, ten Feet at the shoulder and weighed 6 tonnes.
Circus history message board1

One of Philadelphia’s biggest 19th-century celebrities was an enormous male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) named Bolivar. In the 1880s, Bolivar was the star attraction of Adam Forepaugh’s Circus, where he was billed as the “Largest & Heaviest Elephant in the World.” Unfortunately, he also had the reputation of being one of the meanest.

In 1888 Forepaugh decided that Bolivar was too dangerous for his circus and gave him to the Philadelphia Zoo. There Bolivar spent the last 18 years of his life with limited human contact. After his death in 1908, Bolivar’s remains were donated to the Academy, which displayed his Skeleton and mounted hide side by side for the next 10 years. Unfortunately, the skin deteriorated, but the entire Skeleton still resides in the basement within the Academy’s Mammalogy Collection.
Philly’s Un-friendliest Celebrity

 Forepaughs Bolivar  Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at Philadelphia Zoo in United States

Side-by-side displays of Bolivar in what is now part of North American Hall.
Ewell Sale Stewart Library & Archives Coll. no. 49.
Reference list

References

Koehl, Dan, (2021). Forepaughs Bolivar, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Philadelphia Zoo in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 23 October 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=1448. (archived at the Wayback machine)


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Categories1908 deaths | The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University Taxidermy | 1861 births | Born in Sri Lanka | Elephants from Philadelphia Zoo | United States | Mankillers | Asian elephants


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