Columbia (Young America)
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Barnum & Bailey Circus in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♀ Columbia (Young America)  dead elephant
Babe and Columbia in 1880 at the Cooper & Bailey winter quarters in Philadelphia.
Babe and Columbia in 1880 at the Cooper & Bailey winter quarters in Philadelphia.


SSP nr3


Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 27 years old

People killed:1
Born:* 1880-03-10 captive-born
Birth place: in Cooper and Bailey Circus
Birth weight 97.27 kgs, 213.99 lbs

Parents: Mandarin x ♀ Hebe (Babe)
Dead: 1907-11-08
Death reason: euthanised: strangulated, because of aggressiveness
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Barnum & Bailey Circus, in United States

Date of arrival

1881-00-00Barnum & Bailey Circus
from Cooper and Bailey Circus

Record history
History of updates2024-01-31

Latest document update2021-07-28 18:39:46
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† Columbia (Young America) is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 1907-11-08 at Barnum & Bailey Circus, in United States, . Official death reason described as strangulated, because of aggressiveness.


Columbia (Young America) was born captive-born 1880-03-10 at Cooper and Bailey Circus.


Parents of Columbia (Young America) are: ♂ Mandarin (father) and ♀ Hebe (Babe) (mother).

Siblings through the father Mandarin:

  1. 1875-05-31 -- † <1875-06-01 (M) Joe

Siblings through the mother Hebe (Babe):

  1. 1875-05-31 - † <1875-06-01 (M) Joe


Columbia (Young America)s ancestral Pedigree:

Columbia (Young America)

Sire (f):

Born: 1854

Sire ff:

Sire fff:
Dame ffm:
Dame fm:

Sire fmf:
Dame fmm:

Dame m:
Hebe (Babe)

Born: 1860

Sire mf:

Sire mff:
Dame mfm:
Dame mm:

Sire mmf:
Dame mmm:

Comments / pictures

Columbia was born in Winterquarters in Philadelphia.

Hebe was sired by Mandarin at The Great London Circus, which was purchased by Cooper and Bailey in 1878.

Although her mother, Hebe, commonly known about the show as Babe, was one of the best-natured elephants I ever knew, the daughter grew meaner and meaner as she got older, until in 1905 or 1906 she had to be killed. Mr. Bates, who was assistant superintendent of elephants for a long period of years, told me she inherited her vicious disposition from her sire.
W. Henry Sheak, The Elephant in Captivity, Natural History, September-October 1922

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). Columbia (Young America), Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Barnum & Bailey Circus in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 30 May 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:


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Categories1907 deaths | 1880 births | With Pedigree | Elephants from Barnum & Bailey Circus | United States | Mankillers | Asian elephants

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