Columbia (Young America) an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at Barnum and Bailey Circus

Female ♀ Asian elephant (<em>Elephas maximus</em>) Columbia (Young America) at Barnum and Bailey Circus

Babe and Columbia in 1880 at the Cooper & Bailey winter quarters in Philadelphia.
☨ Columbia (Young America)
ID Number:   SSP Number: 3 - 
Species: Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 27 years old
Dead date: 1907-11-08
Death reason: euthanised: strangulated, because of aggressiveness
People killed:1
Location:Barnum and Bailey Circus
ArrivalBarnum and Bailey Circus 1881-00-00
from Cooper and Bailey Circus
Born:* 1880-03-10 captive-born
in Cooper and Bailey Circus
Birth weight (kgs and pounds): 97.27 kgs, 213.99 lbs
Parents: Mandarin x Hebe (Babe)
Siblings through the father Mandarin:
  1. 1875-05-31 -- † <1875-06-01 (unknown) Joe
Siblings through the mother Hebe (Babe):
  1. 1875-05-31 -- † <1875-06-01 (unknown) Joe
Columbia (Young America)s pedigree:
P I II III

Columbia (Young America)

Sire:
Mandarin

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:

Dame:
Hebe (Babe)

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:
Document updated2010-11-12: corr weight
2010-11-16: 
Columbia was born in Winterquarters in Philadelphia.

Hebe was sired by Mandarin at The Great London Circus, which was purchased by Cooper and Bailey in 1878.

Although her mother, Hebe, commonly known about the show as Babe, was one of the best-natured elephants I ever knew, the daughter grew meaner and meaner as she got older, until in 1905 or 1906 she had to be killed. Mr. Bates, who was assistant superintendent of elephants for a long period of years, told me she inherited her vicious disposition from her sire.
W. Henry Sheak, The Elephant in Captivity, Natural History, September-October 1922

Reference list

Koehl, D., (2020). Columbia (Young America), an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at Barnum and Bailey Circus in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 26 September 2020 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=1013. (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

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