The Grand caravan (John Martin menagerie) in United States

The Grand caravan (John Martin menagerie)
Typecircus
Founded0
First elephant0
CountryUnited States


In December, 1821, the “Grand, Rich and Rare,” moved into Baltimore for the winter. Here they were joined by Tippoo Sultan, one of the three elephants then in the country. When they left the city in April Tippoo Sultan accompanied them and thus this menagerie became the first one to have an elephant travel with it. Some elephants had wintered with animal shows in the past, but never had one taken to the road.

Tippoo Sultan had arrived in Boston in June, 1821, and been exhibited by himself for the six months prior to this affiliation. The title in 1822 was sometimes “Great American Caravan of Living Animals,” and sometimes “Great American Menagerie,” but is best known over the years as “Grand Caravan with Tippoo Sultan.”

A History of the Traveling Menagerie by Stuart Thayer, http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2b.htm


1824: Albany

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