James Raymond in United States
James Raymond was the leading animal show impresario in America. Active from 1830 to 1851, he had from one to five units on tour in each of twenty-two seasons.
1835: In 1835, the menagerie became part of the Zoological Institute.
1839-1842: Raymond & Waring's Menagerie, Museum and Circus United
1842: Bought June, Titus, Angevine and Co
1843-1845: Philadelphia Zoological Garden United With New York Institute
1851: James Raymond retired after the 1851 season. At the time he owned two menageries, Raymond & Hcrr Driesbach and Raymond & Van Amburgh. He sold these to two of his sons-in-law, Chauncey Weeks and John J. Drake.
1879: Elephant boss was Orrin Townsend (-1870).