Columbus II (Mogul?) at Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United

† Columbus II (Mogul?)
ID Number:
Species: Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Male ♂, unknown maybe about years old (estimated age)
Dead date: 1854
Death reason: accident: accident on a bridge
People killed:1
Location:Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United
ArrivedRaymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United
from James Raymond
James Raymond
from The Zoological Institute
Born: wild
Document updated2010-09-23: mankiller, human victim
2012-04-11: prev loc
2013-05-02: text, killed George Crumb
Arrived USA with the ship Neponset in 1831.

During a Raymond Waring roundup close to Algier in 1841, Columbus attacked the bull Hannibal. The Staff managed to separate the elephants, but while Columbus attacked Hannibal a second time, he became furious and started to kill people and animals on the place, the first human victim was William Crum.


James Raymond had two of his three 1840 menagerie-circus combinations in the South. These were D. R. Lines & Co., and what was called Grand Caravan of Living Animals (a generic title), managed by J. L. Humphrey. Lines had Columbus, as we said, and Humphrey had Bolivar. The two caravans were combined in Algiers, Louisiana, prior to crossing the river to New Orleans as one entity. It was here that Columbus went berserk, attacking Bolivar, killed Bolivar’s keeper, George Crumb, broke up a cage, and lunged at spectators.

“Lem Word and I saved several children by throwing them down an embankment,” Stone reported. “Over 100 men with shotguns followed Columbus thirty miles down the coast, and peppered his hide with shot.” George Graver, the keeper, finally recaptured the animal in a swamp. They opened the combined show on 25 February at St. Charles and Poydras Streets, in New Orleans with Columbus in leg chains. Thousands of people paid a dollar each to see him.

Sources, among others

  • http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer3m.htm
  • Page 10, 18, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger

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