Barnum Queen at Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus

† Barnum Queen
ID Number:
Species: Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ maybe about 48 years old (estimated age)
Dead date: 1942?
Death reason: unknown:
Location:Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
ArrivedRingling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
from Sparks Circus
Sparks Circus 1923-00-00
from Circus Carl Hagenbeck - Stellingen (Lorenz Hagenbeck)
Circus Carl Hagenbeck - Stellingen (Lorenz Hagenbeck) 1921-04-00
from Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus 1919-00-00
from Barnum and Bailey Circus
Barnum and Bailey Circus 1894-00-00
from Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Neue Pferdemarkt)
Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Neue Pferdemarkt)
from Firma Carl Hagenbeck
Born:1894? wild
Document updated2009-11-23: previous locations
2012-04-17: importer from asia
2012-04-20: text, reimport to europe
Apr death year, as well as arrival at Barnum from Hagenbeck 1904.

This elephant had been imported by the Barnum Show in the mid 1890's, she was included in the herd that made the European tour, sold back to the Hagenbeck Zoo in April of 1921 along with Jess, Mary and "Vanita" for replenishment of the zoo's stock after WW1 and surprisingly made her fifth crossing of the Atlantic Ocean when purchased by Charlie Sparks in 1923. She is probably best remembered as the "surrogate" mother to the African "pygmies" imported by RBBB in 1936. [...] She was imported to Barnum & Bailey about 1894 and later made the 5 year European Tour with that show. After WW1 she and three more elephants were sold to the Hagenbeck Zoo to replenish their supply of animals and ironically made a fifth crossing of the Atlantic Ocean when purchased by Charlie Sparks in 1923.
I have no further record of her after 1942."

William Buckles Woodcock, 2008


This performance really did make John Ringling
whistle, and our wonderfully trained eighteen polar bears, twelve
Bengal tigers and the exotic item with fourteen zebras and camels also
pleased him mightily. In due course he wrote us a handsome cheque,
in addition transferring to us four elephants out of his American herd,
which by steady purchasing in these years since we last met he had
built up to some ninety animals.
Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck


The other three elephants were Veneda, Jess, and Mary. (Maybe this Mary)


Records about Barnum Queen from William "Buckles" Woodcocks Blog at http://www.bucklesw.blogspot.com/
From Buckles Woodcocks blog:



Sources, among others

  • Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/08/from-erik-jaeger.html
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/02/sparks-elephant-acts-6.html

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