Columbia (Young America) at Barnum and Bailey Circus

Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) Columbia (Young America) at Barnum and Bailey Circus

Babe and Columbia in 1880 at the Cooper & Bailey winter quarters in Philadelphia.
† Columbia (Young America)
ID Number:   SSP Number: 3 - 
Species: Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 27 years old
Dead date: 1907-11-08
Death reason: euthanised: strangulated, because of aggressiveness
People killed:1
Location:Barnum and Bailey Circus
ArrivedBarnum and Bailey Circus 1881-00-00
from Cooper and Bailey Circus
Cooper and Bailey Circus 1880-03-10
from
Born:1880-03-10 captive-born in
Cooper and Bailey Circus
Birth weight (kgs and pounds): 97.27 kgs, 213.99 lbs
Parents: Mandarin x Hebe (Babe)
Siblings through the father Mandarin:
  1. 1875-05-31 -- † 1875-05-00 () Joe
Siblings through the mother Hebe (Babe):
  1. 1875-05-31 -- † 1875-05-00 () Joe
Columbia (Young America)s pedigree:
P I II III

Columbia (Young America)

Sire:
Mandarin

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:

Dame:
Hebe (Babe)

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:
Document updated2010-11-12: corr weight
2010-11-16: 
Columbia was born in Winterquarters in Philadelphia.

Hebe was sired by Mandarin at The Great London Circus, which was purchased by Cooper and Bailey in 1878.

Although her mother, Hebe, commonly known about the show as Babe, was one of the best-natured elephants I ever knew, the daughter grew meaner and meaner as she got older, until in 1905 or 1906 she had to be killed. Mr. Bates, who was assistant superintendent of elephants for a long period of years, told me she inherited her vicious disposition from her sire.
W. Henry Sheak, The Elephant in Captivity, Natural History, September-October 1922

Sources, among others

Internal relevant links

Search more on the web for Columbia (Young America)

54.80.87.166Home Guestbook Recent changes-updates Glossary - Encyclopedia Frequently asked questions Elephant Facts & Trivia Evolution Extinct:Proboscidea Species Anatomy Diseases People Care Footcare Training Breeding Database Location database Shiva Organizations Literature F Posters Website Webrings Contact Selected links News